The County of Vermilion River is a rural municipality in east-central Alberta. The eastern border of the County coincides with the Alberta - Saskatchewan border.
The main highways within the County are The Yellowhead / TransCanada Highway (16), The Buffalo Trail (41), and Highways 17 & 45.
There are seven hamlets, four villages and one town within the boundaries of the County. These are:
The City of Lloydminster is on the eastern edge of the County.